Fleire konkrete ting er symbol for gudar eller idéar, og blir brukte i seremoniar og avbildingar. It symbolized many things to the Europeans, with the most common symbolism being of good luck and auspiciousness. Slike handlingar er vanlege ovanfor gudesymbol, men også i samband med personar ein skal respektera i hinduismen, som eldre slektningar og lærarar. The swastika remains prominent in Hindu ceremonies such as weddings. In the 19th century the swastika was one of the Russian Empire's symbols, and was used on coinage as a backdrop to the Russian eagle.[115][116]. Mal:Symbol i hinduismen. "right swastika"), and can also be called kagi jūji (鉤十字, literally "hook cross"). Ein viktig del av hinduisk utøving er å laga eller sjå teikn som skal bringa lukke eller gje nærleik til Gud. in India ortus est. One distinct representation of a swastika, as a double swastika or swastika made of squares, appears in a Nepalese silver mohar coin of 1685, kingdom of Patan (NS 805) KM# 337. Right: Brooklyn Academy of Music New York The Ancient Greeks also used single swastika motifs to decorate their pots and vases. Juli 2015 um 20:18 Uhr bearbeitet. Viktige symbol er kokosnøtt og fleire andre plantar og plantedelar, vatn, særskilde våpen, musikkinstrument og ulike samanbundne ting, som trådar og kransar. Ei U- eller V-form viser til dømes til Visjnu eller ein gud som har med han å gjera, medan tre vassrette strekar viser til Sjiva eller ein nærskyld guddom. [145] The Pērkonkrusts, an ultra-nationalist political organization active in the 1930s, also used the fire cross as one of its symbols. In the Western world, it was a symbol of auspiciousness and good luck until the 1930s[4] when the right-facing tilted form became a feature of Nazi symbolism as an emblem of the Aryan race. [7][8] In Hinduism, the right-facing symbol (卐) is called swastika, symbolizing surya ("sun"), prosperity and good luck, while the left-facing symbol (卍) is called sauvastika, symbolizing night or tantric aspects of Kali. [citation needed], The compact swastika can be seen as a chiral irregular icosagon (20-sided polygon) with fourfold (90°) rotational symmetry. At the Northern edge of Ilkley Moor in West Yorkshire, there is a swastika-shaped pattern engraved in a stone known as the Swastika Stone. [162], During World War II it was common to use small swastikas to mark air-to-air victories on the sides of Allied aircraft, and at least one British fighter pilot inscribed a swastika in his logbook for each German plane he shot down. [20] It is alternatively spelled in contemporary texts as svastika,[21] and other spellings were occasionally used in the 19th and early 20th century, such as suastika. Mange tempel er bygd nettopp slik at dei minner om fjell. Allworth Press, New York, 2008 pp. Lotosový kvet je aj symbol stvorenia. [45], According to the scholar Reza Assasi, the swastika represents the north ecliptic north pole centred in ζ Draconis, with the constellation Draco as one of its beams. Some Christian churches built in the Romanesque and Gothic eras are decorated with swastikas, carrying over earlier Roman designs. [144] A stylized fire cross is the base of the Order of Lāčplēsis, the highest military decoration of Latvia for participants of the War of Independence. Among various tribes, the swastika carries different meanings. Hinduismus symbole wikipedia. [11] Vatn har samband med gudane Brahma, som ofte blir avbilda haldande på ei vasskål, og Laksjmi, som kan bli avbilda saman med elefantar som sprutar vatn. Název pochází z perského slovního kořene hindu, v sanskrtu sindhu, což je pojmenování řeky Indus. [8] In the Śvētāmbara tradition, it is also one of the aṣṭamaṅgala or eight auspicious symbols. The history of Hinduism covers a wide variety of related religious traditions native to the Indian subcontinent. In Christianity, the swastika is used as a hooked version of the Christian Cross, the symbol of Christ's victory over death. Many Chinese religions make use of the swastika symbol, including Guiyidao and Shanrendao. Su (सु – good, well, auspicious) and Asti (अस्ति – "it is” or "there is"[19]), The word swastika has been used in the Indian subcontinent since 500 BCE. [51] as well as an article concerning carpet decoration in Good Housekeeping. Schliemann's work soon became intertwined with the political völkisch movements, which used the swastika as a symbol for the "Aryan race" – a concept that theorists such as Alfred Rosenberg equated with a Nordic master race originating in northern Europe. Swastikas are prominently displayed in a mosaic in the St. Sophia church of Kyiv, Ukraine dating from the 12th century. The swastika, in various iconographic forms, is one of the hate symbols identified in use as graffiti in US schools, and is described as such in a 1999 US Department of Education document, "Responding to Hate at School: A Guide for Teachers, Counselors and Administrators", edited by Jim Carnes, which provides advice to educators on how to support students targeted by such hate symbols and address hate graffiti. Ein finn dei i gudeframstillingar, men dei blir også utførte av folk, til dømes guruar eller utøvarar av klassisk indisk dans. [14] Hinduiske gudebilete blir noko brukt som dekorasjonar, til tider på måtar hinduar opplever som støytande, som då eit USA-amerikansk selskap selde dolokk med bilete av gudar på.[15]. Dei står ofte for grøde eller lukke, eller som hjelpemiddel til å nærma seg det uendelege og uforståelege ved å gje det forståeleg form. The President of Finland is the grand master of the Order of the White Rose. [5] In the wake of widespread popular usage, in post-World War I Germany, the newly established Nazi Party formally adopted the swastika in 1920. The Grand Cross with the swastika collar has been awarded 41 times to foreign heads of state. Deze lijst van wiskundige symbolen bevat de verklaring van een aantal wiskundige symbolen.. Bij elk symbool wordt de naam en de wijze van uitspreken vermeld. Lyden «aum» blir brukt innan dei fleste hinduiske bøner og til meditasjon. It can be visited today because the church became the archaeological museum of the city. The left facing sauwastika symbol is found in tantric rituals.[8]. [8][9] It is an aniconic symbol for the Buddha in many parts of Asia and homologous with the dharma wheel. Kvitt står for reinsemd, og ein bruker kvitt fargestoff i mange hinduiske bakketeikningar, og kvite klede i nokre religiøse ritual, visse kaster. Swastikas can also be seen on early Medieval churches and fortresses, including the principal tower in Armenia's historical capital city of Ani. The chimney of the boiler-house of the laundry still stands, but the laundry has been redeveloped.[127][128]. The British author and poet Rudyard Kipling used the symbol on the cover art of a number of his works, including The Five Nations, 1903, which has it twinned with an elephant. Since the end of the 20th century, and through the early 21st century, confusion and controversy has occurred when consumer goods bearing the traditional Jain, Buddhist, or Hindu symbols have been exported to the West, notably to North America and Europe, and have been interpreted by consumers as bearing a Nazi symbol. Dat wichtegst Symbol am Hinduismus, ass déi helleg Silb "OM" (AUM) a steet fir d'Liewen, fir d'Entstoen a fir d'Vergoen. [8][74], The swastika has a particular association with Diwali, being drawn in rangoli (coloured sand) or formed with deepak lights on the floor outside Hindu houses and on wall hangings and other decorations. [155][156] The emblem was a black swastika rotated 45 degrees on a white circle on a red background. 20-30ie gadi, 44.3 x 34.2 mm, 15.60 g, darbnīca V. F. Millers", "Latvijas armijas, Nacionālo Bruņoto Spēku un citu iestāžu karogi", "Exhibition "The Lāčplēsis Military Order" ← National History Museum of Latvia", "Swastika – historical heritage of Lithuania", "Svastika Mūsų protėvių lietuvių simbolis | Sarmatai", "Why is there a Swastika on the saddle in the First Nations Gallery? Ho blir brukt i mange ulike seremoniar, mellom anna ved byrjinga av eit nytt prosjekt, som eit nybygg, ved visse høgtider, eller som offer til ein guddom og seinare prasad, heilag mat til dei truande. [130] The Finnish village of Tursa uses the tursaansydän as a kind of a certificate of authenticity on products made there, and is the origin of this name of the symbol (meaning "heart of Tursa"),[131] which is also known as the mursunsydän ("walrus-heart"). [citation needed]. In Mongolian it is called Хас (khas) and mainly used in seals. Sjå òg planter om blomekransar. [76], In the diverse traditions within Hinduism, both the clockwise and counterclockwise swastika are found, with different meanings. Dei kan gjera eit teikn (mudra) med hendene, eller halda ein eller fleire symbolske ting, og ofte blir dei avbilda med fleire sett armar for å få fram fleire slike symbol. [148], The swastika motif is found in some traditional Native American art and iconography. [81] Davidson cites "many examples" of the swastika symbol from Anglo-Saxon graves of the pagan period, with particular prominence on cremation urns from the cemeteries of East Anglia. Greek helmet with swastika marks on the top part (circled), 350–325 BCE from Taranto, found at Herculanum. Desse sit ikkje nødvendigvis i panna, og blir også brukt av andre enn hinduar. [46], According to the Russian archaeologist Gennady Zdanovich, who studied some of the oldest examples of the symbol in Sintashta culture, the swastika symbolizes the universe, representing the spinning constellations of the celestial north pole centred in α Ursae Minoris, specifically the Little and Big Dipper (or Chariots), or Ursa Minor and Ursa Major. [166], A controversy was stirred by the decision of several police departments to begin inquiries against anti-fascists. Også talet på hovud og hender kan ha symbolsk tyding, til dømes allkunne eller dei åtte himmelretningane. ", "Megalithic Sites in England – Photo Archive", The swastika, the earlist known symbol and its migrations, The Mediterranean legacy in early Celtic Christianity: a journey from Armenia to Ireland, "Kolovrat – Historical Roots – Collection of articles", "Swastika signs on american advertisements and banners", "One of the World's Great Symbols Strives for a Comeback", "Flickr Album; "Probably the Best Photo's of Swastikas in the World, "Partiolippukunta Pitkäjärven Vaeltajat ry", "Finland's air force quietly drops swastika symbol", "Campaign site rautasormus.fi (campaign now closed)", "Latvia – Airforce Flag and Aircraft Marking", "Nozīme, Apvienotā Kara skola, 1938. gada izlaidums, Nr.

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